Behar / On the Mount
HafTorah Portion Jeremiah 32:6-27
Brit Chadasha Luke 4:1-21
Bechukotai / In My Decrees
HafTorah Portion Jeremiah 1:19-17:15
Brit Chadasha 2 Corinthians 6:14-18
Israel is the only country on earth that God speaks of a Sabbatical rest and the year of Jubilee. There is no other nation or country that is mentioned with this kind of adoration and set-apartness. His people of all nations; His chosen ones, yes- He adores, and guides and helps and lifts them up on eagle’s wings; but other nations other than Israel? No, only Israel is bestowed this kind of love, this kind of glory. This is the proof that dissolves British Israel-ism, replacement theology and teachings of the like.
‘The Lord said to Moses at Mount Sinai, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you, the land itself must observe a Sabbath to the Lord. 3 For six years sow your fields, and for six years prune your vineyards and gather their crops. 4 But in the seventh year the land is to have a year of Sabbath rest, a Sabbath to the Lord. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards. 5 Do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the grapes of your untended vines. The land is to have a year of rest. 6 Whatever the land yields during the Sabbath year will be food for you—for yourself, your male and female servants, and the hired worker and temporary resident who live among you, 7 as well as for your livestock and the wild animals in your land. Whatever the land produces may be eaten.’ Leviticus 25:1-7.
This continues with the year of HaYovel, ‘Count off seven Sabbath years—seven times seven years—so that the seven Sabbath years amount to a period of forty-nine years. 9 Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land. 10 Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each of you is to return to your family property and to your own clan. 11 The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines. 12 For it is a jubilee and is to be holy for you; eat only what is taken directly from the fields.13 “‘In this Year of Jubilee everyone is to return to their own property.’ Leviticus 25:8-13.
Studying HaYovel and looking for signs of the next HaYovel time, there is no year, or date. There are only conflicting dates across that are given. Every teacher, every sight, different Rabbis and theories have their own ‘true’ date. In essence, we have no date, no exact year for a HaYovel since the time of Yeshua.
Looking at the words of the verses regarding the Yovel, we see the same counting of Shavout. What happened on Shavout? The Torah and the Holy Spirit came to man. On the fiftieth year we are to consecrate it and proclaim liberty. It is a holy year and we are returned to our own property. The two connections between Shavout and HaYovel are unmistakable.
Matthew 24:36 ‘“But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but My Father only.’
1 Thessalonians 4:16 ‘For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Messiah will rise first.’
Matthew 24:31 ‘The great trumpet will sound, and He will send out his angels to the four corners of the earth, and they will gather his chosen people from one end of the world to the other. "Let the fig tree teach you a lesson. When its branches become green and tender and it starts putting out leaves, you know that summer is near. In the same way, when you see all these things, you will know that the time is near, ready to begin. Remember that all these things will happen before the people now living have all died. Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will never pass away.’
Isaiah 44:22 ‘I have swept away your offenses like a cloud, your sins like the morning mist. Return to me, for I have redeemed you.”
2 Peter 3:9 ‘The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.’
This continues with God’s will for His people: ‘‘Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves, and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. I am the Lord your God. 2 “‘Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the Lord.3 “If you follow My decrees and are careful to obey My commands, 4 I will send you rain in its season, and the ground will yield its crops and the trees their fruit. 5 Your threshing will continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until planting, and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in your land.’ Leviticus 26:1-5. The word here is ‘IF’.
What is the rain? Isaiah 55:10-12 ‘“My word is like the snow and the rain that come down from the sky to water the earth. They make the crops grow and provide seed for planting and food to eat. 11 So also will be the word that I speak— it will not fail to do what I plan for it; it will do everything I send it to do.’
What is the significance of the threshing floor? “Threshing is often used as a symbol for God's judgment; trials separate those who truly believe in him and those who do not. A busy threshing floor was a symbol of a plentiful harvest; a bare one indicated famine, and perhaps God's judgment.”
What is the purpose of threshing? “Threshing is the process of loosening the edible part of grain (or other crop) from the straw to which it is attached. It is the step in grain preparation after reaping. Threshing does not remove the bran from the grain.”
Except for the reference in Matthew 3:11 and Luke 4:17, the term "threshing floor" is found only in the Tanakh. Its use there indicates there is a particular significance in a "threshing floor". 2 Samuel 24 tells of King David buying a threshing floor, to build an altar on it. Why a "threshing floor" and not a field or some other structure? Does God have a purpose for the threshing floor?
Luke 3:17 “His winnowing fork is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
The threshing floor clearly has two connotations. First, it is a place of blessing. It was the place where the grain of the harvest was actually taken from the sheaves. As such, it was a place where the blessing was received. Scriptures refer to "the increase of the threshing floor” in Numbers 18:30 and to a time when "the floors shall be full of wheat" in Joel 2:24.
But secondly, it is a picture of judgment. This is certainly seen in the Matthew 3:12 passage- ‘Whose fan is in his hand, and He will thoroughly purge His floor, and gather His wheat into the garner; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire."
At the time of threshing, the wheat is separated from the chaff and the tares. Also, the sheaves are beaten or crushed in order to make the separation. All of this is seen as a picture of judgment in Micah 4:12 which tell how the Lord will gather the nations "as the sheaves into the floor." The picture of Deliverance is very clear.
There are two verses in this parsha, Leviticus 27:29 that separates His people from the wicked. “‘No person devoted to destruction may be ransomed; they are to be put to death.’ The teachings on this verse indicate that a person, who is sentences to death, may not be redeemed: ‘he is on his way to be executed, and therefore, he “cannot be redeemed”-he has no market value [as a slave] or any valuation.’ Rashi.
We have been sentenced to death. We have not been redeemed and we were unable to redeem ourselves…until…the death of Messiah. He paid our ransom, He redeemed us and He spared us from the eternal death. We have market value, and we become a servant unto the LORD, we are redeemable.
Behar / On the Mount
Bechukotai / By My Decrees
Torah Portion: Leviticus 25:1-27:34
Haf Torah Portion: Jeremiah 32:6-27 Jeremiah 16:19-17:14
Brit Chadasha: Luke 4:16-21 Matthew 21:33-46
But for their sake I will remember the covenant of their ancestors…
That verse is found in Leviticus 26:45. This Torah portion is a double parsha, Behar/ On the Mountain and Bechukotai / By My Decrees. In Leviticus 25, the laws and instructions for the Sabbath Year and the year of Yovel (Jubilee) are given. Rabbi Shaul in Galatians 5:13 remezes back to Leviticus 25:10 and exhorts the people/us, that we have been called to liberty, but to not use this liberty as an opportunity for the flesh. From Leviticus 25:8-55 God lays out the instructions for the right of redemption. At the 50th year, exactly on the Yom Kippur, the trumpet is to sound proclaiming liberty throughout the land. There are direct connections to Yeshua in Revelation 11:15-18, 1 Corinthians 15:52, and 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.
Quoting Isaiah 61:1-2 Yeshua says in Luke 4:18-19 ~
“The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me,
Because He anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor.
He has sent Me to proclaim release to the captives,
And recovery of sight to the blind,
To set free those who are oppressed,
To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord.”
In Leviticus 25:23 God specifically instructs Israel: “The land must not be sold permanently because the land is Mine, and you are but aliens and My tenants. Throughout the country that you hold as a possession, you must provide for the redemption of the land.” God continues with instructions regarding the poor, those that have sold property, those that become poor, and if a man sells his house in a walled city and cannot redeem it within one year, the house then belongs permanently to the buyer. Yeshua in Mark 14:6-8 rebukes His disciples: “Leave her alone; why are you bothering her? She has done a beautiful deed to Me. The poor you will always have with you and you can help them whenever you want, but you will not always have Me. She has done what she could to anoint My body in advance of My burial.…” He was referencing Deuteronomy 15:11 ‘For there will never cease to be poor in the land; that is why I am commanding you to open wide your hand to your brother and to the poor and needy in your land.’ This connects to the redemption plan and the instructions in this parsha. It speaks of ‘brothers, poor and needy in the land’.
Leviticus 26 is considered to be the chapter of the Promise of Blessing and Retribution and begins with a profound and distinct command: ‘Do not make idols, set up an image, a sacred stone for yourself. When we operate with idols in our hearts, we set up a sacred stone for ourselves. We replace the commands and instructions of God with our own set up standards, our own interpretations of Scripture according to the desires of our heart. Verse 2 God reiterates to observe His Sabbaths. This is not a Sabbath that man would choose but The Sabbath of YHWH.
Leviticus 26: 9-13 God tells His people that He will look on us with favor if we follow His commands, (Leviticus 26:3). He continues with: “I will set My tabernacle among you, and My soul shall not abhor you. 12 I will walk among you and be your God, and you shall be My people. 13 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves; I have broken the bands of your yoke and made you walk upright.” The Words ‘Your God and My people’ are the covenantal terms made famous by Hosea in 1:9-10, 2:23, Jeremiah 31:33, Ezekiel 36:28, and Hebrews 8:10.
Leviticus 26 ends with “But for their sake, I will remember the covenant with their ancestors whom I brought out of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God. I Am the LORD.” Adonai reminds His people again and again that it was He who released them from the bondage and slavery of Egypt. As it is now, it is He who releases us from the bondage of our own self-made slavery. We are released back into our inheritance as we are redeemed. Redemption is the lifestyle that we are given when we obey His Word.
Acts 20:32 His chesed/grace gives us an inheritance: ‘So now, brethren, I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all those who are sanctified.’
Acts 26:18 His forgiveness offers an inheritance: ‘… to open their eyes, in order to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith in Me.’
Ephesians 1:11-14 we have obtained an inheritance: ‘In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will, 12 that we who first trusted in Christ should be to the praise of His glory. 13 In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, 14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory.’
Leviticus 27 is the final chapter of Vayikra and is the chapter of redemption. Leviticus 27:28 contains a sentence that is often translated in different ways. The word devoted is often worded as doomed. This can be confusing as it is linked to Jephthah and his daughter. He in fact did not slaughter his daughter but ‘devoted’ her to Temple service. This is confirmed in the book of Judges when it concludes that as a result of his promise she never “knew a man.” The Torah does not state that she was put to death, but that she remained a virgin. She was redeemed to The God Most High.
To be devoted to God is a high calling, a promise that is part of the covenant.
1 Kings 8:61 ‘Let your heart therefore be wholly devoted to the Lord our God, to walk in His statutes and to keep His commandments, as at this day.’ 1 Samuel 1:28 ‘So I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.” And he worshiped the Lord there.’
Chazek! Chazek! V’nitchazek! Be Strong! Be Strong and May We Be Strengthened!