Bo / Come
Exodus 10:1-13:16
HafTorah Portion Jeremiah 46:13-28
Brit Chadasha 1 Corinthians 11:20-34

     The Right Hand of Redemption
 

     What is the right hand? Throughout Scripture, there are over 100 verses regarding the Messiah at the right hand of God and referencing Yeshua as the Right Hand.  Starting at the Brit Chadasha, then the prophets and Psalms and finally the Torah - we see with great understanding the Echad of the Two.

     Luke 22::69 ‘But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.”
     Hebrews 12:2 ‘Looking to Yeshua, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.’
    Romans 8:34 ‘Who is to condemn? Yeshua Messiah is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us.’
    Colossians 3:1 If then you have been raised with Messiah, seek the things that are above, where He is, seated at the right hand of God.’
     Matthew 26:64 ‘Yeshua said to him, “You have he said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
     Hebrews 10:12‘But when Messiah had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the right hand of God…’
     Mark 16:19 ‘So then the Lord Yeshua, after He had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.’
    Hebrews 8:1 ‘Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven…’
    Acts 2:33  ‘Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing.’
    Hebrews 1:3 ‘He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of His nature, and He upholds the universe by the word of His power. After making purification for sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high…’
    1 Peter 3:22 ‘Who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.’
     Matthew 22:44 ‘‘The Lord said to my Lord, sit at My right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.’
     Revelation 3:21‘The one who conquers, I will grant Him to sit with Me on My throne, as I also conquered and sat down with My Father on His throne.’
      
      Psalm 16:11 ‘You make known to me the path of life; in Your presence there is fullness of joy; at Your right hand are pleasures forevermore.’
      Psalm 44:3 ‘For not by their own sword did they win the land, nor did their own arm save them, but Your right hand and Your arm, and the light of Your face, for You delighted in them.’   
      Psalm 60:5 ‘That your beloved ones may be delivered, give salvation by your right hand and answer us!’
     Psalm 77:10 ‘Then I said, “I will appeal to this, to the years of the Right Hand of the Most High.’
     Psalm 98:1 ‘Oh sing to the Lord a new song, for He has done marvelous things! His right hand and His holy arm have worked salvation for Him.’
     Psalm 110:1 ‘A Psalm of David. The Lord says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”
     Isaiah 41:10 ‘Fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God. I will strengthen you,
Yes, I will help you, I will uphold you with My righteous right hand.’
     Isaiah 48:13 ‘My hand laid the foundation of the earth, and My right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand forth together.’
     Isaiah 62:8 ‘The Lord has sworn by His right hand and by His mighty arm: “I will not again give your grain to be food for your enemies, and foreigners shall not drink your wine for which you have labored.’    

     Exodus 13:8-10 ‘And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, ‘This is done because of what the Lord did for me when I came up from Egypt.’ It shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the Lord’s law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. 10 You shall therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year.’
     Exodus 15:6Your right hand, O Lord, glorious in power, Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.’
     Deuteronomy 5:15 ‘And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.’
     Deuteronomy 6:21 ‘“When your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is the meaning of the testimonies, the statutes, and the judgments which the Lord our God has commanded you?’ 21 then you shall say to your son: ‘We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand…’
     Deuteronomy 26:8 ‘So the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm, with great terror and with signs and wonders.’

     God’s hand has a purpose in moving on behalf of His people as stated in Deuteronomy 6:23. The mighty hand of God that brought each of us out of spiritual Egypt had a purpose, as well – to bring us into not just the Promised Land, but a land of promises in Yeshua, our Redeemer. He is the Right Hand of Deliverance, The Outstretched Arm and the Right Hand of Blessing as in Isaiah 48:13.
     If we trust and obey Abba, His Right Hand is there to uphold us, “If I take the wings of the morning,
and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there Your hand shall lead me, and Your right hand shall hold me.’  Psalm 139:9-10.
     Even before Yeshua’s birth it was prophesied that the Messiah would one day sit at the right hand of God: “The LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool’Psalm 110:1.
    
 Before His death, Yeshua was questioned by the chief priests and scribes – ‘As soon as it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes, came together and led Him into their council, saying, 67 “If You are the Messiah, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe. 68 And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go. 69 Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.” 70 Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” So He said to them, “You rightly say that I am.” Luke 22:66-70.

     Before His ascension the resurrected Messiah gave His talmidim their final commission to go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature in Mark 16:15. Then, it is stated in Mark 16:19 “So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God.’ These disciples/talmidim confer this in Acts when they are brought before the council and ordered not to teach in the Name of Yeshua.
     Acts 5:26-32 ‘Then the captain went with the officers and brought them without violence, for they feared the people, lest they should be stoned. 27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council. And the high priest asked them, 28 saying, “Did we not strictly command you not to teach in this name? And look, you have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this Man’s blood on us!” 29 But Peter and the other apostles answered and said: “We ought to obey God rather than men. 30 The God of our fathers raised up Yeshua whom you murdered by hanging on a tree. 31 Him God has exalted to His right hand to be Prince and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 32 And we are His witnesses to these things, and so also is the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey Him.”
     What does it mean to obey Him? Since Yeshua was/is at the Right Hand of God since before time, then do we deny the Right Hand of God when we defy His Torah?
    Ezekiel 36:22-27- ‘Therefore say to the house of Israel, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “I do not do this for your sake, O house of Israel, but for My holy name’s sake, which you have profaned among the nations wherever you went. 23 And I will sanctify My great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am the Lord,” says the Lord God, “when I am hallowed in you before their eyes. 24 For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them.’

 


 

 

בֹּא
Bo / Come
Exodus 10:1-1:10
HafTorah Portion Jeremiah 46:13-28
Brit Chadasha 1Corinthians 11:20-34

     This Torah parsha ends with a piece of information that can be easily overlooked. However, for those that partake in the Passover each year, this ending is quite significant and connects the entire story and prophetic meaning of the Passover. ‘So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you shall say to him, ‘By strength of hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 It shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” Exodus 13:14-16. This is also seen in Exodus 12:26:27 and Exodus 13:8.
    
Bo begins with God instructing Moshe to ‘Go to (Come to) Pharaoh.’ This begins the debate between Pharaoh and Moshe, leading up to the plague of the locusts. In Exodus 10:3 Moshe again tells Pharaoh to let ‘His/God’s people go’, otherwise God will release a plague of locusts. Pharaoh asks Moshe who will be going? At which point Moshe informs him; all of us. ‘Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. “Go, worship the Lord your God,” he said. “But tell me who will be going.”Moses answered, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the Lord.”10 Pharaoh said, “The Lord be with you—if I let you go, along with your women and children! Clearly you are bent on evil. 11 No! Have only the men go and worship the Lord, since that’s what you have been asking for.” Then Moses and Aaron were driven out of Pharaoh’s presence.’ Exodus 10:8-11.  Again, the heart is hardened and Pharaoh denies the request.
    Exodus chapter 10 continues with the ninth plague – darkness, a darkness that could be felt. ‘Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt.” 22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23 They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.’ Exodus 10:21-23.
     In Exodus 11  Elohim declares  the tenth and final plague. Exodus 11:5-7 ‘…and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals. Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as was not like it before, nor shall be like it again. But against none of the children of Israel shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast that you may know that the Lord does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.’ 
    The Pesach is instituted in Exodus 12 and the death of the firstborn is established. ‘For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.’ Exodus 12:12-13.  In this verse, God reveals that the plagues were not only against Pharaoh, but the gods of Egypt.  
     The command for unleavened bread is instituted in Exodus 12:19-20, ‘For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’
     Bo ends with the consecration and the Torah of the first born.
     It is true, that Bo is the beginning of freedom for the Hebrew people.  God has redeemed His people out of bondage with His mighty hand to worship Him.  But what does the freedom mean for us today and how do we relate to it?  Moshe gives the instructions for the future -go back into history to remember.
     ‘And when your children ask you, “What do you mean by this rite?” you shall say, “It is the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, because He passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he smote the Egyptians, but saved our houses.” Exodus 12:26-27.
     ‘
And you shall explain to your child on that day, “It is because of what the Lord did for me when I went free from Egypt.” Exodus 13:8.
     ‘
And when, in time to come, your child asks you, saying, “What does this mean?” you shall say to him, “It was with a mighty hand that the Lord brought us out from Egypt, the house of bondage.” Exodus 13:14.  
    
The four questions that are asked at the Pesach meal by the youngest tells the story of the great Exodus. By partaking in the Passover, we remember, and we prepare ourselves for the next great Exodus. Better yet, we teach our children. We educate them in the ways of God. We have to continually remind them of the lessons of history, “We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt,” because those who forget the bitterness of slavery eventually lose the commitment and courage to fight for freedom and to stand up for the ways of Elohim.
    Truth and freedom are synonymous. ‘Then Yeshua said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed. 32 And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” John 8:31-32.
    
What is the Word and where did it come from? John 7:16 ‘Yeshua answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but His that sent me.’
John 8:36 ‘So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.”
Psalm 119:160 ‘The sum of Your word is truth, and every one of Your righteous ordinances is everlasting.’
2 Samuel 7:28 ‘Now, O Lord God, You are God, and Your words are truth, and You have promised this good thing to Your servant.
John 17:17 ‘Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.’
1 Kings 17:24 ‘Then the woman said to Elijah, “Now I know that you are a man of God and that the word of the Lord in your mouth is truth.”
Psalm 19:9 ‘The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever; the judgments of the Lord are true; they are righteous altogether.
Psalm 119:43 ‘And do not take the word of truth utterly out of my mouth, for I wait for Your ordinances.
Psalm 119:151 ‘You are near, O Lord, and all Your commandments are truth.
Psalm 118:5 ‘Out of my distress I called on the Lord; the Lord answered me and set me free.”
Romans 8:2 ‘For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Yeshua HaMashiach from the law of sin and death.”
     All four questions help answer one big question: Why is this night unlike all others?

  1. On all other nights we eat either leavened or unleavened bread. On this night, why do we eat only unleavened matzah? Answer: To remind us of the haste with which our ancestors left Egypt.
  2. On all other nights we eat all kinds of herbs. On this night, why only bitter herbs? Answer: To remind us of the bitterness of slavery.
  3. On all other nights we do not dip our herbs even once. On this night, why do we dip them twice? Answer: Some say to remind us of our coming and going from Egypt.
  4. On all other nights we eat sometimes sitting and sometimes reclining. On this night, why do we all recline? Answer: To remind us that we are free.

     May you be blessed as you study the Exodus!

Baruch HaShem!


 

בֹּא
Bo / Come
Exodus 10:1-13:16
HafTorah Portion Jeremiah 46:13-28
Brit Chadasha Luke 22:7-30


     Faith~Obedience~Faith and the Light in Our Dwellings...

     This Torah portion begins with God declaring to Moshe that it is He who once again has hardened the heart of Pharaoh and the heart of the Egyptians.   Bo contains the last three plagues; locust, darkness and death. 
     In Exodus 10:16-20 Pharaoh says to Moshe once again, that he has sinned and implored, to take away ‘… from me this death only.” 18 So he went out from Pharaoh and entreated the Lord. 19 And the Lord turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them into the Red Sea. There remained not one locust in all the territory of Egypt. 20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.’
    It is in Midrash that the ninth plague was so dark it could be felt; ‘So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23 They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.’ Exodus 10:22-23. 
     Rambam states that ‘no man could see his brother nor could anyone rise from his place.’ Why could the Egyptians not move just because it was dark? Because he explains that the darkness was tangible and physical. 
    It wasn’t darkness as in the night; it wasn’t void of light as in the nighttime, which a light could still penetrate. It was “thick darkness” meaning that a very thick midst came down from the sky. This is why God said to Moses: “Stretch forth your hand to the heavens” - Moses had to bring down this darkness.  It removed the normal darkness called “night”. The reason this was necessary was that the night consists of air ready and capable to absorb light in the morning. The darkness that would occur now was something unable to interact with light at all. The reason for this inability to interact with light was the density of the texture of this darkness. As a result of this totally different kind of darkness even a lit up flare would not be able to make a “dent” in the darkness.  (Bereshit Rabbah 12:6).
     ‘But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.’ Exodus 10:23.  They had the Light of Life.
     In Exodus 11 God explains the 10th and final plague to Moshe and continues in Exodus 12, with the instruction for the final night, which is the Passover instituted, Exodus 12:14.  The instructions in Exodus 12 regarding the the lamb, the blood on the lintel and doorposts, and the unleavened bread are exact and intricate and  given by Adonai.  The entire process involves faith to obey, obedience to carry it out and faith to wait. 
     Faith brings obedience which strengthens our faith.
     The Light in our dwellings brings the faith that circumcises our heart to obey the Word of God which causes our faith in His faithfulness to increase. Faith brings the birthright, obedience brings the blessing.
     Yeshua declares more than once that He is the Light, of men, of the world and life; John 8:12, John 9:4-5, and Matthew 4:14-16, quoting Isaiah 60:1: ‘… that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:  “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: The people who sat in darkness have seen a great light, and upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death Light has dawned.”

Isaiah 60:1-3~
 ‘Arise, shine;
For your light has come!
And the glory of the Lord is risen upon you.
For behold, the darkness shall cover the earth,
And deep darkness the people;
But the Lord will arise over you,
And His glory will be seen upon you.
The Gentiles shall come to your light,
And kings to the brightness of your rising.’
    Was it the Light that the Hebrews had and felt in their ‘dwelling’ that caused their faith to continue in their obedience? Does faith empower obedience?
     In Hebrews 3:18-19 disobedience is equated with disbelief. ‘And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey? 19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.’ In Romans 3:31 it is faith that allows the Torah to stand.
      Romans 1:-6 ‘Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name, among whom you also are the called of Yeshua.’
     Romans 16:26-27 ‘…but now made manifest, and by the prophetic Scriptures made known to all nations, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, for obedience to the faith— 27 to God, alone wise, be glory through Yeshua HaMashiach forever. Amen.’
     Emunah is translated into ‘faith’. But the Hebrew word is deeper than just ‘faith’.  A person can have blind faith; as in trusting a person. He may have faith because he is not interested or incapable of reasoning for himself. Therefore, his faith does not belong to him; he is simply relying on others. 
    However, King Solomon explains this in Proverbs 14:16 ‘The simple believes every word,
but the prudent considers well his steps.’   And where do we get our steps? Solomon goes on to tell us in Proverbs 16:9 ‘A man’s heart plans his way, but the Lord directs his steps.’ Wisdom, understanding and knowledge can further enhance true emunah.  But it cannot be our reasoning or our wisdom, but rather that would come from only God Himself.
   1 Samuel 15:22 explains our obedience ‘So Samuel said: “Has the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice,
and to heed than the fat of rams.’
     The Light in our life gives us the faith to obey God which gives us The Faith.
   Baruch HaShem!