Vayeshev / And He Settled
Dreams and Disguises…
This Torah portion begins on a positive note, ‘Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also, he made him a tunic of many colors.’ Almost instantly, however, the mood changes, ‘But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him.’ Genesis 37:3-4.
It is interesting that we are told ‘Israel loved Joseph more…right after it is revealed that Joseph brings bad reports to his father regarding the brothers; a young 17-year-old tattle tale, with a streak of narcissism. Later in this parsha when he told his brothers of his dream, they hated him even more. His second dream offended even his father. ‘So he told it to his father and his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall your mother and I and your brothers indeed come to bow down to the earth before you?” 11 And his brothers envied him, but his father kept the matter in mind.’ Genesis 37:10-11. Later, when he went to see his brothers tending their flocks, they first plotted to kill him, and eventually sold him as a slave. Thus began the journey of Joseph.
Vayeshev is known for dreams. Dreams that Joseph had and dreams in Genesis 40 of the baker and the butler while in prison. Torah portion Miketz continues with the dreams of Pharoah God uses dreams to impose His will, to lead, to warn, to prophesize, to rebuke, and to guide. In Genesis 20:3 God came to Abimelek in a dream regarding Sarah. We are told in Daniel 1:17 that Daniel could understand visions and dreams. Interesting that in Genesis 42:9 Joseph seems to remember his dreams and accuses his brothers of being spies. God is against false dreams as we read in Jeremiah 23:32, and in Numbers 12:6 God tells us that He reveals Himself through dreams.
God assures Joseph in Matthew 1:20-23 to not be afraid to take Mary as his wife. In Matthew 2:12 God warns the wise men to not return to Herod, and warns Joseph in Matthew 2:13 to flee to Egypt with Mary and Yeshua. ‘When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, 15 and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called My Son.” This dream and journey fulfilled Hosea 11:1.
Joel 2:28 is a prophecy for us, ‘And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions.’ In Acts 18:9-10 God reassures Rabbi Sha’ul, a good lesson for us: ‘One night the Lord spoke to Paul in a vision: “Do not be afraid; keep on speaking, do not be silent. For I am with you, and no one is going to attack and harm you, because I have many people in this city.”
Daniel 7:13-14 shows us the dream of Messiah, ‘In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14 He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all nations and peoples of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.’
Do we dream visions for us? Do we challenge God’s vision and will for us? Often people make their own visions that of God’s. But there are ways to ensure that the vision is that of God. Nothing from God will go against God and a true prophet of God, us included, will never speak against the ways of God. Jeremiah 23 warns of false prophets, ‘This is what the LORD Almighty says: “Do not listen to what the prophets are prophesying to you; they fill you with false hopes. They speak visions from their own minds, not from the mouth of the LORD.’ Jeremiah 23:16. We can become our own false prophet.
Vayeshev is also known for the disguise that Tamar used to seduce Judah. In the middle of Joseph’s journey from being the most loved, then sold as a slave, becoming Potiphar’s servant, landing in prison and then forgotten by the chief butler; is the story of Tamar and Judah. ‘So she took off her widow’s garments, covered herself with a veil and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place which was on the way to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, because she had covered her face.’ Genesis 38:14-15.
We see in Scripture, disguises were, used for gain, and also for deceit. In 1 Samuel 21:12-15 David is fleeing from Saul and runs into a servant, and ends up disguising himself as a madman to avoid the King of Gath. In 1Kings 22:30 the King of Israel disguises himself to go into battle. Rebecca disguises Jacob in Genesis 27:15-23. Joseph disguised himself in Genesis 42:7.
2Corinthians 11:13-15 warns us of disguises, ‘For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into apostles of Messiah. 14 And no wonder! For Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.’
Do we disguise ourselves by deceiving ourselves? Do we pretend to be something that we are not? We can pretend to be ‘holy’; we can disguise ourselves in garments of righteousness, we can come across as loving and kind, but underneath, our heart is wicked, and our ego reigns.
Jeremiah 17:9 ‘The heart is more deceitful than all else and is desperately sick; who can understand it?’ 1 Corinthians 3:18 ‘Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you thinks that he is wise in this age, he must become foolish, so that he may become wise.’ Galatians 6:3 ‘For if anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself.’ Proverbs 1:22 ‘But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves.’ James 1:26, ‘If anyone thinks himself to be religious, and yet does not bridle his tongue but deceives his own heart, this man’s religion is worthless.’ 1 John 1:8 ‘If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us.’
1 John 1:6 ‘If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth…’ 1 Corinthians 15:33 ‘Do not be deceived: “Bad company corrupts good morals.” Galatians 6:7 ‘Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, this he will also reap.’ Deuteronomy 11:16 ‘Beware that your hearts are not deceived, and that you do not turn away and serve other gods and worship them.’
Dreams and disguises. We cannot disguise ourselves under the pretense of being of God, for all dreams and visions will guide reveal the true spirit of God.
Jeremiah 42:20 ‘For you have only deceived yourselves; for it is you who sent me to the Lord your God, saying, “Pray for us to the Lord our God; and whatever the Lord our God says, tell us so, and we will do it.”
VaYeshev/And He Settled
HafTorah Portion Amos 2:6-3:8
Brit Chadasha Acts 7:9-16
The Descent, the Ascent and the Garments We Wear…
Vayeshev opens with the story of Joseph bringing a bad report to Jacob regarding the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpha. Chapter 37 continues with the special ornate garment Jacob made for Joseph and the 2 dreams. Things don’t go well for Joseph after that; he is mocked, striped of his garment, thrown into an empty cistern, and sold for 20 shekels to Midianite merchants.
Meanwhile, Judah has three sons, Er, Onan, and Shelah. Er is married to Tamar, but is found wicked and killed by God. The second son, Onan is also found to be wicked and he too is killed by the Lord. Judah sends Tamar away to live as a widow, in her widow's garments. Judah’s wife passes away and he finds himself with Tamar who he thinks is a harlot. Later, she confronts Judah; he admits his fault, and accepts her and the twins, Perez and Zerah.
Joseph has since been purchased by Potiphar, and after finding favor with him, was appointed to be Potiphar’s house attendant. He is accosted by Potiphar’s wife, she rips his garment and fraudulently reports him. Joseph is sentenced to prison where he comes in contact with the cupbearer and the baker.
This parsha ends with Joseph interpreting the dreams of the cupbearer and the baker, one will live and be restored, the other, the baker will be hanged. Joseph had asked them to remember him, but ‘The chief cupbearer, however did not remember Joseph; he forgot him.’ Genesis 40:23.
How can we bring all of this into our world? How can we related the physical with the spiritual?
We too, wear garments of praise or we wear garments of heaviness; we, too live in the flesh, and then ascend into the spiritual. We too seem to live in two different but so often colliding worlds.
Garments are a sign of favor and can be a sign of demotion:
- Genesis 37:3 ‘Israel loved Joseph more…and made a richly ornamented robe…’
- Genesis 37:23 ‘…they stripped him of his robe…’
- Genesis 37:31 ‘…they dipped the ornamented robe…’
- Genesis 38:14 ‘…she took off her widow’s garments, covered herself with a veil.’
- Genesis 39:12 ‘She caught him by his garment…’
- Genesis 41:42 ‘…He dressed Joseph in robes of fine linen…’
- Zechariah 3:4 ‘He spoke and said to those were standing before him, saying, Remove the filthy garments from him. Again, he said to him, “See, I have taken your iniquity away from you and will clothe you with festal robes.”
- Isaiah 61:10 ‘My soul will exult in my God for He has clothed me with garments of salvation; He has wrapped me with a robe of righteousness.”
- Isaiah 64:6 ‘…And all our righteous deed are like a filthy garment. ‘
- John 19:23 ‘Then the soldiers when they had crucified Yeshua took His outer garments and made four pats, a part to every solder…’
- Psalm 22:18 ‘They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.’
- Matthew 27:35 ‘And when they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments among themselves by casting lots.’
- Revelation 7:9 ‘After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands…’
- Revelation 19:14 ‘And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following Him on white horses.’
- Revelation 16:15 ‘Behold I am coming like a thief. Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes (garments of righteousness) so that he will not walk about naked and men will not see his shame.’
Our garments will be as ashes and filth during our descent, and become garments of praise and righteousness as we ascend…
- John 1:51 ‘And He said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”
- Genesis 28:12 ‘And he dreamed, and behold, there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, the angels of God were ascending and descending on it!
- Luke 23:43 ‘And He said to him, “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.”
- 1 Peter 3:18-20 ‘For Messiah also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, in which He went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, because they formerly did not obey, when God's patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water.
- 1 Peter 4:6 ‘For this is why the gospel was preached even to those who are dead, that though judged in the flesh the way people are, they might live in the spirit the way God does.
- John 20:17 ‘Yeshua said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brothers and say to them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’
We have our garments of flesh; garments that are stained, soiled and used. We trade them in for the garments of righteousness, and the garments of praise. As we leave the filthy garments, we ascend into the heavenly realm, the Kingdom on earth that we can be a part of as we enter into Yeshua and the Torah. The key is to realize that we are in a descent, and that our garments are that of widowhood, for we had not yet become the bride that we are to be. We adorn ourselves with the righteousness of the Messiah and the righteousness of the Torah, the very true word of Elohim.
Revelation 14:12 ‘Here is the patience of the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Yeshua.’.
Vayeshev / And He Lived
In Vayeshev the spirit of deception continues as we see how easily the events of envy and animosity continue through the blood lines. When ignored, these character traits will either master us or consume us as unwilling participants. If we trust the Father and obey His Word, we will overcome the deception. The deception might be hidden and will be the descent. The truth will come as the ascent.
An excellent example is Joseph. His descent was the pit followed by the ascent of Potiphar appointing him to overseer of his household. This was followed by the descent into prison, followed by the ascent given to him by Pharaoh. This is completed in the next parsha when Joseph is given garments of fine linen.
As in the parsha Toldot where Jacob uses hairy garments to deceive his father Isaac, garments represent identities, power and even deception. In Vayeshev garments are used to disguise, deceive and to identify. Garments give people their identities, either positive or negative. Here we see external appearances drive the narrative, while the inner agendas push through.
Jacob’s coat has often been described as ‘a coat of many colors’, the Biblical text “ktonet passim’, has been translated as “a long colorful coat”, or “an ornamented tunic”. Clearly it was something special, unusual, and meant to differentiate Joseph from his brothers. The favor of this garment gave Joseph an identity as the favored son, adding to the jealousy of the brothers.
The garment became the center of the narrative as it was used to deceive. Before throwing Joseph into the pit, his brothers stripped him of his coat, thus removing his identity as the favored son. It was the symbolism of the coat that the brothers wanted to destroy as well as Joseph. Intending to deceive Jacob, they dipped the coat in blood; ‘Then they sent the tunic of many colors, and they brought it to their father and said, “We have found this. Do you know whether it is your son’s tunic or not?” Genesis 37:32.
When Jacob was presented with the coat, the deception was complete. By allowing Jacob to equate the coat with Joseph’s identity; if the coat was bloody, then so must Joseph be; became the deception. Fraudulent evidence led Jacob to the wrong conclusion. The brothers had deceived. Jacob tears his garments, a symbolism of grief and puts on sack cloth.
In Genesis 38:14-16 Tamar disguises herself as a prostitute; ‘So she took off her widow’s garments, covered herself with a veil and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place which was on the way to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, because she had covered her face. 16 Then he turned to her by the way, and said, “Please let me come in to you”; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law.’
Tamar used garments to deceive Judah. She does not verbally lie but rather allows her clothing to lie for her. The clothing becomes her identity. Her deception begins as the fraudulent evidence led Judah to perceive her as a harlot.
But what was her motive? It was the deception from Judah. Scriptures state that God was displeased with Judah’s sons and we know that it was God who killed two of Judah’s sons, yet Judah negates to realize this. He suspects that Tamar is a “lethal woman,” a woman whose sexual partners are all doomed to die. So Judah is afraid to give Tamar to his youngest son, Shelah. As a result, Judah deceives Tamar. He sends her to live as “a widow” in her father’s house, until Shelah is grown. Tamar is waiting for Shelah to grow up. But after time passes, she realizes that Judah is not going to allow that union. She was deceived.
In Genesis 39:11-16 Potiphar’s wife lusts Joseph (‘Now Joseph was handsome in form and appearance’. Genesis 39:6). She grabs his garment as she commands him to lie with her. Genesis 39:12 ‘…that she caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me.” But he left his garment in her hand, and fled and ran outside.’ She then uses the garment to try to frame Joseph and deceive her husband. Again fraudulent evidence leads to the deception.
Fraudulent evidence is false evidence, fabricated evidence, forged evidence or tainted evidence to sway the outcome. Leviticus 19:11 speaks harshly of this, ‘You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lie to one another.’ And Proverbs 20;17 ‘Bread gained by deceit is sweet to a man, but afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.’
The incidents in this parsha are powerful stories of deception and the antitheses of what God would have us do. The mystery of Elohim’s presence is undeniable.
There is a garment for us today. It is the garment of praise. And it is for His glory:
“To console those who mourn in Zion,
To give them beauty for ashes,
The oil of joy for mourning,
The garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness;
That they may be called trees of righteousness,
The planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified.”
We must be prayerful and mindful of the descents in our lives for if we obey and trust in God, these contain a link to the ascent which is favor from YHWH. Joseph didn’t control his destiny, rather he controlled how he operated in his destiny – and he became a ruler clothed in a garment of fine linen.
May you be encouraged ~ Rabbi Jay